There might be the case when you need to upgrade or downgrade the MariaDB MySQL package on your VPS. For example, when the MariaDB version, currently installed on your server, isn't supported by CMS of your website.
In the examples below, we will be downgrading from MariaDB 10.5 to MariaDB 10.4 - you'll be able to perform changes to any version by replacing the version in SSH commands.
Step 1 - Back up your database
First, connect to your server using SSH and check CyberPanel and root MySQL passwords. This can be done by executing:
Then create a fresh backup:
mysqldump -u root -p --all-databases > databasedump.sql
Use the password in the .db_password file.
Step 2 - Change the MariaDB version
When we have a backup, you can remove the MariaDB version.
Then, add MariaDB YUM repository: vim
and update the file to:
name = MariaDB
baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.4/centos7-amd64
After this, update the yum cache index:
yum makecache fast
And install the new version of MariaDB:
yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client
Don't forget to enable MariaDB:
systemctl start mariadb
And start it:
systemctl enable mariadb
The final touch - secure MariaDB:
Use the same password in .db_password. A different version of MariaDB (10.4 in our case) should now be running, you can check with
Step 3 - Import your database
Finally, import your database's backup:
mysql -u root -p root < databasedump.sql
And restart MariaDB:
systemctl restart mariadb
That's it, your MariaDB version was successfully updated!