SSH cheat-sheet
Check all the most useful SSH commands in one place
Updated over a week ago

After you connect to your account via SSH, you might need these commands for:

Managing location

pwd (print working directory) - show the full path to the directory in which you are currently.


cd (change directory) - move from one folder to another.

cd directory_name
  • cd directory_name - go to this subfolder of the current folder

  • cd .. - go one level up

ls (list) - show the list of all files and folders in the current directory.

  • ls -a include hidden files (which begin with a dot)

Files and folders management

cp (copy). You can copy both files and folders.

cp copy_what copy_where

mv (move). Same as cp, you can move both files and folders.

mv move_what move_where

mkdir (make directory) - create a new empty directory.

touch - create a new empty file.

mkdir folder_name
touch file_name

rmdir (remove a directory) - delete the folder.

rm (remove) - delete a file. You can mention several files at a time.

rmdir folder_name
rm file_name

grep - find a specific text inside files.

grep -inrl 'text'

find - find files with a specific name.

find . -type f -name 'name*.php'

Managing archives

Create an archive

  • Create an archive of specific files:

ZIP: zip filename1.php filename2.php filename3.php
TAR: tar -cvf archive.tar filename1.php filename2.php filename3.php
TAR.GZ: tar -zcf NewArchive.tar.gz filename1.php filename2.php filename3.php

Where instead of archive type the name of the future archive, and after that - exact files which should be included.

  • Create an archive of the whole folder:

ZIP: zip -r DirectoryName
TAR: tar -cvf archive.tar DirectoryName
TAR.GZ: tar -zcf archive.tar.gz DirectoryName

Unpack an archive

ZIP: unzip
TAR: tar -xvf archive.tar
TAR.GZ: tar -zxvf archive.tar.gz

Managing databases

Import database file.sql to the database_username database.

mysql -u database_username -p database_name < file.sql

Export of database_username database to the file.sql file.

mysql -u database_username -p database_name > file.sql

Checking inodes and disk usage per directory

Show the inodes number for every subdirectory of the current folder.

find . -printf "%h\n" | cut -d/ -f-2 | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn

Show the disk usage per each subdirectory and file of the current folder.

du -shc * | sort -rh

Managing WordPress websites

Purge WordPress cache

wp cache flush
wp litespeed-purge all

Replace WordPress core files

rm -rf wp-includes
rm -rf wp-admin
wp core download --skip-content --force


backup=WP_`date +%s` && mkdir $backup && mv wp-admin $backup && mv wp-includes $backup && mv *.php $backup && wget && unzip && rm -rf wordpress/wp-content && mv wordpress/* . && cp -rv $backup/wp-config.php .


Even more commands with a detailed explanation of usage can be found here:

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